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Description of Destination : greece


Sandy beaches, a dynamic nightlife and plenty of sunshine have made this small, barren island one of the most favored in the Cyclades. Tourism if the main source of income for the island. The first tourists began to arrive in the 1950's on their way to see the archaeological wonders on the island of Delos, and today Mykonos's own charms have made it a hugely popular destination in its own right. The island's main town is the supreme example of a Cycladic village, built in a maze of narrow lanes to defy the wind and pirate raids. A tangle of dazzling, white alleys runs between cube-shaped houses up to Kastro, the oldest part of town, where the excellent Folk Museum is built on part of an ancient castle wall. Down by the water's edge at Little Venice (officially known as Alefkandra) the balconies of the houses jut over the sea.

Athens ( Piraeus )

Athens has been a city for 3500 years, but its greatest glory was during the Classical period of ancient Greece , from which so many buildings and artifacts still survive. The 5th century BC in particular was a golden age, when the great democratic leader Perikles oversaw the building of the Acropolis. Within the Byzantine Empire and under Ottoman rule, Athens lost importance, becoming little more than a village. It returned to prominence in 1834, when it was made the capital city of a newly independent Greece . Today, it is a busy, modern metropolitan centre.


In the mid 5th century BC, Perikles persuaded the Athenians to begin a grand programme of new building work in Athens that has come to represent the political and cultural achievements of Greece . The most impressive building took place on the Acropolis. Here, a massive gateway led to the top of the rock, on which stood three temples in contrasting styles. The Theatre of Dionysos on the southern slope was developed further in the 4th century BC, and the Theater of Herodes added some 400 years later.


Rhodes: Rhodes Old Town

The town of Rhodes has been inhabited for more than 2,400 years. A city was first built here in 408 BC, and when the Knights of St. John arrived in 1309 they built their citadel over these ancient remains. The Knights' medieval citadel, dominated by the towers of the Palace of the Grand Masters, forms the centre of the Old Town; the new town lies beyond the original walls. Of the walls' 11 gates, Koskinou ( St John's ) gate, which leads into the Bourg quarter, has the best view of the city's defenses. The Old Town is now a World Heritage Site.

Olympia (Katakolon)

Located at the confluence of the rivers Alfeios and Kladeos, in a valley of pine, oak and olive trees, the Sanctuary of Olympia enjoyed 2,000 years of esteem as a religious and athletics centre. Unlike other major archaeological sites in Greece, Olympia was never a great city, but the temples to Hera and Zeus the latter's statue of the eponymous god was one of the seven wonders of the Ancient World made it a place of great religious significance. In 776 BC the Olympian Games were founded here. Athletes from all over the Greek world would come every four years to compete in athletic events such as sprinting and wrestling. The games continued after the Roman invasion, but, in AD 393, they were banned by the Christian emperor Theodosius I. Soon afterwards, the sanctuary was abandoned until excavations began in the 19th century.


The name Santorini was given to this island by the Venetians who arrived in the 13th century and named it after their patron saint, Saint Irene. The island was once part of a larger island called Strogyle, which was ripped apart in about 1450 BC by a massive earthquake and volcanic eruption about four times the size of Krakatoa. A huge volume of lava buried the town of Akrotiri , and the rush of water filling the caldera left by the explosion caused a huge wave that devastated Minoan Crete. In the 9th century BC, the Dorians, extednding their empire from mainland Greece, settled on the crescent-shaped remains of the island calling their colony Thira and establishing a capital on the headland of Mesa Vouno. Despite tourism, today's Santorini is a stunning island, with its white villages clinging to volcanic cliffs above black-sand beaches. The island's capital, Fira, perches above the caldera, and the town's hotels and bars afford magnificent views, especially at sunset. Outside Fira, interesting archeological sites, local wineries and small volcanic islands all wait to be explored.


Situated between the Greek mainland and Italy, Corfu offers the diverse attractions of seclude coves, busy resorts and traditional hill villages. Its position has given it a strategic importance, and over the centuries the island has been occupied by many invading powers; Romans, Byzantines, Venetian, French and British have all left their mark. Northern Corfu combines a rugged mountain interior with wild stretches of shoreline. In the northwest, beautiful beaches fringe a wooded headland at Palaiokastritsa, making this one of the most popular spots on the island. Southern Corfu is less mountainous but more varied than the north; unspoiled villages dot the interior, while the lively resort of Benitses and the tranquil wildlife preserve of Korision Lagoon occupy opposite coasts. In Corfu town, the influences of the island's past can be clearly seen. Visitors can stroll between Italianate buildings, sip coffee in French-style colonnades or watch cricket by the Esplanade.


Fought over by Persians and Greeks, Cyprus was finally captured by Ptolemy I of Egypt in 294 BC, with Pafos as the capital. This was the centre of the cult of Aphrodite, goddess of love, who was said to have been born from the sea nearby. Cyprus came under Roman rule from 58 BC to AD 295 and superb remains can be seen at Kourion and Pafos. The Byzantive era left exquisite frescoed churches, while fortifications remain from the periods of Frankish (1192 to 1453), Venetian (to 1571) and Ottoman (to 1878) rule. After independence from the British in 1960, conflict between the Greek and Turkish communities resulted in Turkish occupation of northern Cyprus in 1974. With the island still divided, southern Cyprus has made tourism its main source of income.

Excursions Available at greece
    • Delos Birthplace of Apollo
    • Mykonos Island Tour
    • The Best of Athens
    • The Acropolis, Plaka & Temple of Poseidon
    • The Acropolis, Ancient Corinth & Canal Transit
    • Acropolis & Plaka Sampler
    • Elite Collection: Athens & The National Museum
    • City of Athens & the Acropolis
    • EZ Athens
    • A Taste of Ancient Greece
    • Best of Rhodes
    • Mt. Philerimos & Rhodes Town
    • Rhodes Town & Monte Smith
    • Lindos Acropolis
    • EZ Panoramic Drive to Lindos
    • Ancient Akrotiri & Santorini Island
    • Santorini in a Nutshell
    • Village of Oia & Santorini Island
    • Sail & Hiking Expedition to Santorini Volcano
    • The Ruins of Akrotiri & Antoniou Winery
    • Akrotiri & the Archaeological Museum
    • Akrotiri Excavations & Oia Village
    • Paleokastritsa, Achilleion & Corfu Town
    • Achilleion, Kanoni & Corfu Town
    • Best of Corfu
    • EZ Corfu
    • Leisurely Corfu
    • Achillion & Corfu Town
    • Corfu Town By Horse-Drawn Carriage
    • Achillion Palace & Private Villa
    • Four-Wheel-Drive Safari
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